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It includes 580 characters, some historical and others fictional. See also: Russian: Александр Сергеевич Пушкин French: Alexandre Pouchkine Norwegian: Aleksander Pusjkin Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin was a Russian author who is considered to be the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature. In it he returned to the idea of presenting a typical figure of his own age but in a wider setting and by means of new artistic methods and techniques. In a plot that led to a duel in 1837 Pushkin was severely wounded and died two days later on January 29. Corrie’s grandfather, Willem ten Boom, opened a watchmaker’s shop in Haarlem in 1837. In 1844 he resigned his engineering position to devote himself to writing.. Professor and Head, Department of Modern Russian Literature, Institute of World Literature, Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R., Moscow. Fyodor Dostoevsky died on January 28, 1881 in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire. Lermontov was shattered and penned "Smert' Poeta" (Death of a Poet) in which he vowed that Russia must take vengeance on Pushkin's assassin--something which the government refused to do. He used his work to spread awareness about the Gulag, the Soviet Union government agency that administered labor camps. Feb 19 In the year 1837 death of georg Büchner, German playwright (b. While at the Lyceum he also began his first completed major work, the romantic poem Ruslan i Lyudmila (1820; Ruslan and Ludmila), written in the style of the narrative poems of Ludovico Ariosto and Voltaire but with an old Russian setting and making use of Russian folklore. His mother died before he was two years old, and his father passed away in 1837. Pushkin also joined the Green Lamp association, which, though founded (in 1818) for discussion of literature and history, became a clandestine branch of a secret society, the Union of Welfare. 2. He contracted a cold which developed into typhus, from which he died in the southern city of Taganrog. Glinka. Russian writer Eduard Limonov, founder of a radical nationalist political party called The Other Russia, has died at the age of 77 in Moscow. He fought several duels, and eventually the count asked for his discharge. People featured on this list, include political leaders, economists, military leaders and prime ministers who died … Famous Russian writer Fyodor Dostoevsky's real life and worldview fed into his fictional works significantly. Alexander Pushkin (Poet, author, 1799-1837) Russia's greatest poet was educated at the Imperial Lyceum in Tsarskoye Selo and returned to St. Petersburg for the final years of his life. Leo Tolstoy is one of the best-known Russian writers, and his novels are considered great classics. Feb 12 Ludwig Borne, writer, dies at 50 in the year 1837. Set in Russia in a period of political and social chaos on the brink of the 17th century, its theme is the tragic guilt and inexorable fate of a great hero—Boris Godunov, son-in-law of Malyuta Skuratov, a favourite of Ivan the Terrible, and here presented as the murderer of Ivan’s little son, Dmitri. This is the crazy real-life story of Fyodor Dostoevsky. https://www.ranker.com/list/famous-writers-from-russia/reference Many great writers have lived for only a short time – but have left behind them a great legacy in literature. Submit a Comment Primary Sidebar A great deal of change took place during this period--brought about because of the Industrial Revolution; so it's not surprising that the literature of the period is often concerned with social reform. Maine, United States Of America. His ballad “Zhenikh” (1825; “The Bridegroom”), for instance, is based on motifs from Russian folklore; and its simple, swift-moving style, quite different from the brilliant extravagance of Ruslan and Ludmila or the romantic, melodious music of the “southern” poems, emphasizes its stark tragedy. Moscow, Russia. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Aleksandr-Sergeyevich-Pushkin, TheatreHistory.com - Biography of Alexander Pushkin, RT Russiapedia - Biography of Aleksandr Pushkin, The Literature Network - Biography of Alexander Pushkin, Aleksander Pushkin - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). She married Johann Grotz on 19 November 1835, in Odessa Uyezd, Kherson, Russian Empire. Leo Tolstoy was born in 1828, the scion of aristocrats. Fyodor Dostoevsky (1821–1881) Fyodor Dostoevsky was a Russian novelist, philosopher, short story writer, essayist and journalist. He was also a versatile writer of great vigor and optimism who understood the many facets of the Russian character. Alexander Sergey Uno itch Pushkin was born in 1799 in Moscow. His wives included Russian punk rocker and writer Natalya Medvedeva, who died in 2003, and actress Yekaterina Volkova, with whom he had two children. Updates? See also: Russian: Александр Сергеевич Пушкин French: Alexandre Pouchkine Norwegian: Aleksander Pusjkin Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin was a Russian author who is considered to be the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature. Pushkin provided the standards for Russian arts and literature in the 19th century. In his political verses and epigrams, widely circulated in manuscript, he made himself the spokesman for the ideas and aspirations of those who were to take part in the Decembrist rising of 1825, the unsuccessful culmination of a Russian revolutionary movement in its earliest stage. This is an alphabetical list of significant composers who were born or raised in Russia or the Russian Empire. Fyodor Dostoevsky was born on October 30, 1821 in Moscow. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. (Born 1799, Died 1837) (Translations from Russian) Aleksandr Pushkin is, by common agreement -- at least among his own compatriots -- the greatest of all Russian writers. What is the most common meter in English poetry? "Eduard Limonov died today in Moscow," The Other Russia party, which he previously led, said on its website. Fyodor knew almost all of his works by heart. Please select which sections you would like to print: While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Solzhenitsyn was an outspoken critic of the Soviet Union and Communism and helped to raise global awareness of … Aleksandr Kurlyandsky, the Russian writer and one of the creators of the popular Well, You Just Wait! January 16 – Ellen Russell Emerson, American author and ethnologist (died 1907) January 23 – Agnes Maule Machar, Canadian novelist (died 1927) February 13 – Emily St. John Bouton, American author, editor, and educator (died 1927) February 24 – Rosalía de Castro, Spanish Galician poet and writer (died … ... Legacy . Aleksandr Pushkin, in full Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin, (born May 26 [June 6, New Style], 1799, Moscow, Russia—died January 29 [February 10], 1837, St. Petersburg), Russian poet, novelist, dramatist, and short-story writer; he has often been considered his country’s greatest poet and the founder of modern Russian literature. He made a huge contribution to Russian literature. His bitterness at continued exile is expressed in letters to his friends—the first of a collection of correspondence that became an outstanding and enduring monument of Russian prose. Corrie’s mother, Cornelia, died in 1921. He not only brought Russian poetry to its highest excellence but also had a decisive influence on Russian literature in the 19th and 20th centuries.. Aleksandr Pushkin is Russia's national poet. Although this cycle of poems confirmed the reputation of the author of Ruslan and Ludmila and Pushkin was hailed as the leading Russian poet of the day and as the leader of the romantic, liberty-loving generation of the 1820s, he himself was not satisfied with it. Writer . Russian children have grown up with his characters: learned cat, who walked round the oak-tree, exiled Prince, who was turned into a … This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. RBTH remembers Griboyedov's fascinating life and art. The characters it depicts and immortalizes—Onegin, the disenchanted skeptic; Lensky, the romantic, freedom-loving poet; and Tatyana, the heroine, a profoundly affectionate study of Russian womanhood: a “precious ideal,” in the poet’s own words—are typically Russian and are shown in relationship to the social and environmental forces by which they are molded. Associated Press Count Orlov brought Catherine the Great to power.- Prince Trubeztkoy was one of the Dezembrists but … The impressions he gained provided material for his “southern cycle” of romantic narrative poems: Kavkazsky plennik (1820–21; The Prisoner of the Caucasus), Bratya razboyniki (1821–22; The Robber Brothers), and Bakhchisaraysky fontan (1823; The Fountain of Bakhchisaray). cartoon series, has died at the age of 82. Stephen Crane Died … Feb 7 Gustav IV Adolf, King of Sweden (1792-1809), dies at 58; Feb 10 Alexander Pushkin, Russian poet and writer (Eugene Onegin), killed in a duel at 37; Feb 12 Ludwig Borne [Loeb Baruch], German-Jewish writer, dies at 50; Feb 13 Mariano José de Larra, Spanish journalist and writer (b. Pushkin, Aleksandr Sergeevich (1799–1837). He was also a versatile writer of great vigor and optimism who understood the many facets of the Russian character. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The country was remote, and its language was written in an unfamiliar script—the Cyrillic alphabet. Lenin died in 1924 and power passed to … Monday, 28th December 2020 . He was born in Nizhniy Novgorod into the family of a cabinet-maker (although some sources suggest his father was the director of the Astrakhan steamship line). Tyutchev's decision to take leave of his post despite his superior's refusal to approve his request left him jobless. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. The Russian word for nobility, Dvoryanstvo (дворянство), derives from the Russian word dvor (двор), meaning the Court of a prince or duke (kniaz) and later, of the tsar. In 1831, Pushkin created one of his great works ’Boris Bodernev’, which is considered a prodigious development in Russian literature. Russia’s greatest poet was a man of violent temperament: By the age of 37, he had been involved in at least 15 duel-related incidents, three of which ended in actual fighting. Elijah Lovejoy. Pushkin’s ability to create psychological and dramatic unity, despite the episodic construction, and to heighten the dramatic tension by economy of language, detail, and characterization make this outstanding play a revolutionary event in the history of Russian drama. Aleksandr Pushkin, in full Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin, (born May 26 [June 6, New Style], 1799, Moscow, Russia—died January 29 [February 10], 1837, St. Petersburg), Russian poet, novelist, dramatist, and short-story writer; he has often been considered his country’s greatest poet and the founder of modern Russian literature. Born in Moscow in 1821, Dostoevsky was introduced to literature at an early age through fairy tales and legends, and through books by Russian and foreign authors. His wife and empress Elizabeth died the following year, but again amid rumours that the death was faked, and that she became a nun, known as Silent Vera. In 1824 he published Tsygany (The Gypsies), begun earlier as part of the “southern cycle.” At Mikhaylovskoye, too, he wrote the provincial chapters of Yevgeny Onegin; the poem Graf Nulin (1827; “Count Nulin”), based on the life of the rural gentry; and, finally, one of his major works, the historical tragedy Boris Godunov (1831). After Pushkin died, the poet Mikhail Lermontov wrote “Death of the Poet,” in 1837, resurrecting some of the themes that Pushkin trumpeted, provoking the ire of Nicholas I, … She died on 19 October 1871, in Johannestal, Odessa Uyezd, Kherson, Russian Empire, at the age of 55, and was buried in Johannestal, Odessa Uyezd, Kherson, Russian Empire. He is the most important Russian writer of all time, like Shakespeare in England or Dante in Italy. Advertisements For centuries most people in Western countries knew little about Russian literature. After two other guardians died, Tolstoy lived with an aunt in Kazan, Russia. 1809; Feb 19 Georg Büchner, German playwright (b. February 2010 by Christy 0 Comments Hailed as Russia’s greatest poet as well as the founder of modern Russian literature, Alexander Pushkin (1799-1837) was born in Moscow and published his first poem at the tender age of 15. In 1811 Pushkin entered the newly founded Imperial Lyceum at Tsarskoye Selo (later renamed Pushkin) and while there began his literary career with the publication (1814, in Vestnik Evropy, “The Messenger of Europe”) of his verse epistle “To My Friend, the Poet.” In his early verse, he followed the style of his older contemporaries, the Romantic poets K.N. Balakirev. Can you pick the writer who died before the age of 50 based on the clues? The play owes much to Pushkin’s reading of early Russian annals and chronicles, as well as to Shakespeare, who, as Pushkin said, was his master in bold, free treatment of character, simplicity, and truth to nature. Rate 5 stars Rate 4 stars Rate 3 stars Rate 2 stars Rate 1 star . Pushkin, in a letter to a friend intercepted by the police, had stated that he was now taking “lessons in pure atheism.” This finally led to his being again exiled to his mother’s estate of Mikhaylovskoye, near Pskov, at the other end of Russia. His works have been translated to almost all world’s major languages. He was born in 1828 and lived until 1910. Although lacking the heightened, poetic passion of Shakespeare’s tragedies, Boris excels in the “convincingness of situation and naturalness of dialogue” at which Pushkin aimed, sometimes using conversational prose, sometimes a five-foot iambic line of great flexibility. January 26 - Michigan is the 26th state admitted to the United States of America. Zhukovsky, and of the French 17th- and 18th-century poets, especially the Vicomte de Parny. During summers at his grandmother’s estate near Moscow he talked to the peasants and spent hours alone, living in the dream world of a precocious, imaginative child. During this period the specifically Russian features of his poetry became steadily more marked. In 1837, Tyutchev was transferred from Munich to the Russian embassy in Turin. Pushkin died February 10, 1837, from wounds that he suffered in a duel which he had fought in St. Petersburg. Like many aristocratic families in early 19th-century Russia, Pushkin’s parents adopted French culture, and he and his brother and sister learned to talk and to read in French. This list includes people like William IV of the United Kingdom, John Constable, Maria Fitzherbert, Alexander Pushkin, Akbar II and many more. The Russian nobility (Russian: Дворянство Dvoryanstvo) arose in the 14th century and essentially governed Russia until the October Revolution of 1917. Aleksandr Pushkin, in full Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin, (born May 26 [June 6, New Style], 1799, Moscow, Russia—died January 29 [February 10], 1837, St. Petersburg), Russian poet, novelist, dramatist, and short-story writer; he has often been considered his country’s greatest poet and the founder of modern Russian literature. Journalist. Hazel Neason was born on August 16, 1891 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. 1813) Mar 13 Nikita P Panin, Russian diplomat/min of Foreign affairs, dies at 66 in the year 1837. The poem flouted accepted rules and genres and was violently attacked by both of the established literary schools of the day, Classicism and Sentimentalism. On January 29, 1837, Pushkin, famous Russian writer died. He read widely in his father’s library and gained stimulus from the literary guests who came to the house. Lermontov also challenged the imperial court for … 10. Due to political activities against Tsar in his youth Pushkin was exiled to Kiev and then Odessa, but he continued his activities. Pushkin died February 10, 1837, from wounds that he suffered in a duel which he had fought in St. Petersburg. Today in 1837: Great Russian Poet, Alexander Pushkin, Dies From Injuries Sustained in a Duel 10. He found his new place of residence uncongenial to his disposition and retired from service to settle in Munich. Alexander started ... Pushkin's theme set the theme for many Russian artists to come - the suffering of the simple man over the oppressive upper class; the pressure to choose what is right over what feels good, which inspired Tolstoy, Dostoyevsky, and Chekhov. Dostoevsky: A Writer in His Time is a biography of the nineteenth-century Russian master novelist Fyodor Dostoevsky, whose most famous works include Crime and Punishment and The Brothers Karamazov.Originally published in five volumes by American literary scholar Joseph Frank—but condensed into one volume for this 2009 edition—the book is widely considered to be the best … Then in 1837 Pushkin died in a duel. 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